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Honda Hydrogen Fuel Cell FCX Prototype 2001-2005

Starting in the early 1980s, Honda have been involved in research and development for hydrogen fuel cell automobile aiming at a technology alternative to the gasoline and diesel engine propulsion.

A hydrogen fuel cell automobile is an electric driven car where electricity is generated by an electrochemical reaction involving hydrogen and oxygen (air) . The fuel cell is the electricity generator and the reaction only generates water as exhaust element. The real challenge is that hydrogen must be produced, transported and distributed.

Honda is working on the development of its own fuel cell technology as well as the electric motor or the ultracapacitor aimed at storing the electricity from the fuel cell and from energy recovery from braking. The small 4 seater sedan has been developed for a limited production. In 2003, Honda obtained certification for its use on the road in Japan and in the USA. A dozen cars have been put in circulation in Japan and in Southern California around a small hydrogen distribution network. This program is aimed at accumulating real life experience for the production and use of this new technology.

Honda has also been developing hydrogen distribution stations where the hydrogen is generated from solar cells and electric power grid.

In 2005, the experiment was extended in the New York area by collaborating with Plug Power Inc. that built natural gas based reformer for the production of hydrogen.

Specifications: maximum speed 150 km/h , range 430 km , fuel cell stack max. output 86 kW. Starting conditions from -20°C.

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